Coffee is actually very healthy. It is loaded with antioxidants and beneficial nutrients that can improve your health. The studies show that coffee drinkers have a much lower risk of several serious diseases.
In order to make the perfect cup of coffee and to be able to taste coffee more knowledgeably, you must understand the terms used to describe its flavor and aroma. As you sample different types of coffee, keep these characteristics in mind. Analyzing the aspects of your tasting experience will help you determine your favorites, and your knowledge will sharpen your guests’ enjoyment of the coffee you serve.
This refers to a sharpness or snappiness that you can feel at the edges of your tongue, and it’s a positive quality. Sometimes it’s also described as “brightness.” Coffees with less acidity are sometimes called “mellow,” but all coffees need some acidity in order to avoid being flat or dull.
Since our taste buds are only capable of discerning four flavor categories (sour, sweet, salty and bitter), our sense of smell provides all the other dimensions of flavor. Coffee aroma adds qualities such as smoky, flowery, fruit-like, earthy, or it may remind you of certain berries or nuts.
Even though all coffee is brewed with water, some types feel physically heavier and denser in your mouth. A full-bodied coffee may remind you of having whole milk or cream in your mouth, while a medium or light-bodied coffee will be more like skim milk or water.
Described in detail below, the amount of time that the beans undergo heating has a big effect on their finished appearance and taste.
This is a descriptive word for the way in which the above factors interact. Good coffee beans usually present a high level of balance between acidity and mellowness, and they include a complex and satisfying overall aroma and flavor. Coffee with a low balance level would be extreme in one aspect of taste, and the experience would feel shallower.
Taken from the world of winetasting, the term “finish” refers to the taste and sensation left in your mouth after you swallow. Some varieties of coffee have a cocoa or chocolate finish, others leave an aftertaste of fruit, berries or nuts. (Coffee informer)
There are two varieties of coffee beans: arabica and robusta. Both varieties are grown all over the world; however, robusta beans are easier to grow and the plants don’t require high elevations in order to thrive. In general, robusta beans are cheaper to buy, and they tend to be used for the mainstream commercial coffee blends. Their flavor is harsher and more nut-like, and they have higher levels of caffeine. Artisan coffees are generally made from the arabica variety of bean, which has a more balanced taste that is sometimes called “winey” or “soft.”
Some health benefits of coffee:
Increase fiber intake, protection against cirrhosis of the liver, lowered risk of Type 2 Diabetes and of Alzheimer’s disease, Reduces suicide risk and depression, protection against Parkinson’s, lower risk of Multiple Sclerosis, among other benefits. (Coffee Informer).
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